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Qualities to Look for in a Utah Water Well Drilling Company

For any service you’re considering spending money on for your property through a third party, it’s vital to do your research and find a quality contractor for your needs. The realm of water well drilling and installation is no exception — not all water well drilling and installation companies and professionals are created equal, and finding a reputable, quality option is of paramount importance. 

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer Utah’s best water well drilling, installation and other services. We fully expect our prospective clients to compare our products and services to other similar companies in the area — and we’re supremely confident that our reputation, programs and pricing structures will stand out to you and reveal us as your best option when you’re doing this. What are some of the top qualities you should be looking for when searching for a water well drilling and installation company? Here are several.

qualities well drilling company

Written Contract

As you’re looking into your options for a well drilling company, one of the first questions you should be asking is whether they offer a written contract for their services. This contract should contain important details such as what the job entails, how long it’s expected to take, pricing and other associated costs, what happens if there are delays or other problems and more.

A well drilling contractor who doesn’t offer a written contract likely either isn’t confident in their ability to complete the job as described or they’re hoping to leave room for interpretation and unexpected upcharges later on. In either case, that’s not a contractor you want to do business with.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we always provide our clients with a written contract outlining all aspects of the job before any work begins. We want you to know exactly what to expect from us and feel confident that we’ll deliver on our promises.

Accreditation and Licensure

Another vital quality to look for in your water well drilling and installation contractor is proper accreditation and licensure. In Utah, all water well drilling contractors must be licensed by the state.

In addition to state licensure, you should also make sure your contractor is properly insured. This protects you in case of any accidents or damage that might occur during the job.

Finally, look for contractors who have been accredited by organizations such as the National Ground Water Association and the Better Business Bureau. These accreditations show that the contractor has undergone a rigorous review process and meets all the standards set by these well-respected organizations.

Expertise in Surrounding Environment

As water well drilling requires a deep understanding of geology and the surrounding environment, you want to make sure that your contractor has extensive experience drilling wells in the specific area where your property is located. Different types of soil and rock formations require different approaches, and a contractor who doesn’t understand the local conditions could cause serious problems for your well.

Experience and Reputation

Once you’ve confirmed that a potential well drilling partner is at least qualified on paper, it’s time to start looking into their experience and reputation. How long has the company been in business? Do they have experience with projects like yours? Can they provide you with references from past clients? A well drilling contractor with a long history in the industry and a strong reputation is likely to provide you with better service and results than a newer, less-established contractor.

One great area to look into here is online reviews, which can give you an idea of what past clients have thought of a contractor’s work. Just be sure to take these reviews with a grain of salt — some companies will go so far as to create fake reviews to try and boost their reputation. The best way to get an accurate picture is to look at reviews from multiple sites.


Naturally, costs are an important part of this conversation — but it’s vital not to just automatically take the lowest bid you receive. In many cases, the old adage “you get what you pay for” is true, and going with a less expensive contractor could end up costing you more in the long run if they cut corners or do a subpar job.

Instead of just looking at raw numbers, take the time to compare pricing between different contractors based on the services they’re offering and the value they provide. This will give you a better idea of who is actually offering the best deal.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we pride ourselves on being able to offer our clients affordable well drilling and installation services without compromising on quality or customer service. We’ll work with you to find a solution that meets your needs and budget.

Maintenance and Upkeep Services

As any well owner can tell you, the story doesn’t simply end when your well has been installed. Wells require regular maintenance to ensure that they’re functioning properly and producing clean, safe water.

When you’re looking for a water well drilling contractor, be sure to ask about the maintenance and upkeep services they offer. A quality contractor will have a team of experienced professionals who can handle any issue that might come up with your well, from simple annual maintenance to more complex repairs.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we offer a wide range of well maintenance and upkeep services to our clients, including annual water testing, pump replacement and repair, and more. We’re here to help you keep your well running smoothly for years to come.

For more on how to evaluate your well drilling options, or to learn about any of our well services for Utah clients, contact our professional team today.

Equipment Options for Water Well Drilling Processes

When it comes to drilling and installing a new water well on any property, the equipment and approaches used are naturally very important. There are a few different ways this process may be carried out today, and having some basic knowledge on your options is never a bad thing. 

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re happy to offer the very best water well drilling and installation services in Utah. Our most common form of drilling is rotary drilling, which we’ll go over below, but there may be certain other settings where other methods are required. Here’s a broad primer on the methods out there in the water well drilling world today.

equipment water well drilling

Manual Digging

While this method is far less-often utilized than it may have been a couple generations ago, there are still old-fashioned clients who want their water well drilled the old-fashioned way. This equipment-free method usually means a team of two or three workers will be taking shifts manually digging the hole for your new water well until it’s completed.

Simply put, you need to be prepared for some significant expenses if you’re wanting to go this route. Not only is manual labor very costly in terms of employee hours, but you’re also looking at a longer turnaround time for the job as well.

On the other hand, some people simply prefer the more traditional approach and are willing to pay whatever it takes to get their water well drilled this way.

Rotary Drilling Formats

As we mentioned above, our most common format for drilling new water wells — and perhaps the most common such format in the entire industry today — is rotary drilling. This refers to the use of a drill bit that’s attached to a very long rod, which is in turn attached to a large machine known as a drilling rig.

The entire assembly is then lowered into the hole that’s been dug (or will be dug) for the water well, and the operator of the machine will begin turning or rotating the drill bit. This action will cause the bit to cut through whatever materials it encounters, including dirt, rocks, and other debris.

Once the hole has been drilled deep enough, a well screen and/or casing can be inserted to provide stability and keep contaminants out of the water as it’s brought up to the surface.

There are actually a couple different types of rotary drilling to consider:

  • Mud rotary: This method utilizes a water-pressure-based jet for power, plus a large cutting bit, a steel drill pipe and a motorized rig. It’s a very efficient way to drill through softer soils and sedimentary rocks, and there’s no drive casting necessary because the borehole is kept open during the entire process. This is one of the fastest methods of drilling, and is often used in settings where time is of the essence. It can be somewhat pricy in some cases due to fuel usage, but this is made up for by how quickly it can be done.
  • Air rotary: As the name suggests, this method uses compressed air to both power the rig and clean out any cuttings that are produced by the bit as it drills through different materials. It’s a good choice for drilling through harder rocks, but can also be used in softer soils and sediments as well. It’s more efficient than the mud rotary method in some ways, but can also be more expensive because of the air compressor that’s required.


A process that’s somewhat similar to mud rotary drilling, at least in terms of forcing water through a small opening to create power, jetting is most often used in shallower water wells. In this case, the water is forced through the small opening at an incredibly high pressure, which then helps to break up any materials that are in the way and make it easier for the well drilling process to progress.

In most cases, jetting will only be used for soft sediments and soils, but it can also be used as a first step in drilling through harder materials. It’s a very efficient method and is often much faster than using a rotary drill, but it can be more expensive because of the high-pressure equipment that’s required.

It’s limitations, however, are seen when you get to harder rocks and materials, which is where rotary drilling will usually take over.

Cable Tool

Also sometimes called the percussion or impact method, cable tool drilling is another very old and traditional approach to water well drilling. As the name suggests, it involves using a large drill bit that’s attached to a long cable, which is in turn attached to a massive rig.

The operator will lower the bit into the hole that’s been dug (or will be dug) for the water well, and then use the rig to pound or hammer it into the ground. This action will cause the bit to break through any materials it encounters, including dirt, rocks, and other debris.

For those who need to drill through particularly hard or stubborn materials, cable tool drilling is often the best choice. It’s also one of the most affordable methods in many cases, making it a good option for those who are working with a limited budget.

The only real downside to this method is that it can be quite slow, particularly when compared to rotary drilling or jetting. Those who need a fast, expedited process may want to look into other options.

Drilling a water well on your property can be a big job, but it’s important to remember that you have options when it comes to the equipment and approaches that will be used. Consider your needs and budget carefully before making a decision, and always work with a reputable professional to ensure the best processes and equipment are utilized.

For more on this, or to learn about any of our water well drilling, installation or rehabilitation services, speak to the team at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Basics and Well Benefits of Constant Water Pressure Systems

There are a few misconceptions out there about water wells and their water supplies, and one of these is that it’s impossible to get great water pressure from a water well. This is false for a few reasons, and one of these is the presence of various add-on systems that help regulate pressure — and the most common of these is known as a constant water pressure system. 

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to serve as your one-stop resource for all things water wells throughout Utah. From water well drilling and installation through well repairs, rehabilitation and more, we’re here to help with any of your needs. What is a constant water pressure system, and what are some of the key benefits it offers to those who utilize water wells? Here are some basics.

well benefits constant water pressure

Water Wells and Pressure

It’s true that if you don’t take the proper steps to prevent it, there are some situations where water pressure in a well can drop. For instance, some homes running multiple appliances that use water at the same time can experience a drop in pressure. This is also true if someone takes a shower while someone else is running the dishwasher, etc.

There are two keys to great water pressure in a well, and they are tank size and pump power. A properly sized pressure tank will hold enough water so that the pump doesn’t have to work overtime, and this is key to keeping things running smoothly. Likewise, a pump that’s properly sized for your home’s needs will also help to ensure that water pressure remains consistent — even when multiple appliances are in use at the same time.

However, even with the proper tank and pump in place, there are some other things that can impact water pressure. For instance, if your home is located at a higher elevation than the well, this can lead to lower water pressure. Additionally, if there’s a lot of sediment in the well water, this can also impede water flow and create pressure issues.

In many of these cases, a constant water pressure system can be an enormous benefit. Let’s dig in a little further.

Constant Water Pressure System Basics

As the name suggests, a constant water pressure system refers to a component that helps to regulate water pressure and keep it at a consistent level, regardless of how many appliances are in use or what the static pressure is within the home. The primary area this system impacts is the pump; during normal operations, this pump won’t kick itself on until the pressure in the tank drops low enough to trigger it.

With a constant pressure system, however, the well pump will be able to respond immediately to changes in demand. For instance, if someone takes a shower while the dishwasher is running, the system will automatically adjust to meet the higher water needs and maintain consistent pressure throughout. These systems can be added to new or existing wells, and they’re not terribly expensive — making them a great option for many homeowners.

What are some of the specific ways they may benefit you? Read on.

Meeting High Water Demands

While keeping pressure consistent is another major factor we’ll go over in a moment, many actually choose to install a constant water pressure system primarily because it helps them meet high water demands. If you have a lot of people in your home — or if you frequently entertain guests — this is likely something you can relate to.

When everyone’s home and trying to use water at the same time, it’s not uncommon for pressure to drop. If you have a constant water pressure system in place, however, you won’t have to worry about this happening. These systems are designed to automatically adjust to meet changing water needs, and they can do so quickly and efficiently.

This is a great option for those who frequently entertain guests or who have larger families. Rather than always having to worry about water pressure, you can relax and let the system do its job.

Maintaining Water Pressure

As we touched on briefly, another major benefit of a constant water pressure system is that it helps to ensure consistent water pressure throughout your home — even when multiple appliances are in use at the same time. If you’ve ever taken a shower only to have the water pressure drop suddenly, you know just how frustrating this can be.

Not only does this make your water usage simpler and more comfortable, it also improves the quality of your pipes and appliances. Water that’s allowed to fluctuate in pressure can do serious damage over time, but with a constant pressure system, you won’t have to worry about this happening.

Additionally, if you have an irrigation system for your lawn or garden, having consistent water pressure is critical. These systems need a specific amount of water pressure to function properly, and if it fluctuates, it can cause major issues. A constant water pressure system can help to avoid this.

Lowering Energy Costs

Finally, because a constant water pressure system helps to ensure that water is only being pumped when it’s needed, it can also be a great way to lower your energy costs. If your well pump is only kicking on when necessary, this means it won’t be running as often — and that translates into lower energy bills.

Additionally, if you have an irrigation system, a constant water pressure system can help to ensure that it’s only running when necessary. This, combined with the fact that it helps maintain consistent water pressure, means your system will be much more efficient overall.

For more on why a constant water pressure system might be something you consider for your water well, or to learn about any of our well drilling, rehabilitation or other services, speak to the team at Mike Zimmerman Well Service, LLC today.

Possible Causes of Utah Well Water Discoloration

There are a few things no one wants to see when they turn on a water tap in their home, and one item that’s at or near the top of any such list is discolored water. Healthy water is clean and clear — while an unusual color to your water isn’t always a sign of a health issue or some related concern, it often will be. 

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer several services that will ensure high well water quality for any of our Utah clients, from water well inspections through well repairs, tune-ups and more. What are some of the discoloration formats that are possible within a water well supply, and what are these likely telling you about the quality of your water? Here’s a primer, plus what you can do about each of these issues.

causes well water discoloration

General Discoloration

Generally speaking, there are a number of reasons why your water might be discolored if it comes from a well. A change in the color of your water could be indicative of a particular issue that you’ll want to investigate and address as soon as possible.

In any of these situations, an easy remedy like a whole-house filtration system or water softener will be all that’s needed to ensure your water is clean, clear and healthy for use in any capacity. In others, though, your well itself may require some attention before the discoloration goes away.

Let’s look at some of the most common forms of discoloration that may be seen in a well over time, plus what they mean and what to do about them.

Black Well Water

There are a few reasons why well water may be black or contain a major quantity of black specks, and perhaps the most common is the presence of magnesium in the water. If you have black well water, it’s likely due to a process called “black water treatment” in which magnesium is added to the water in order to make it harder.

If your water was recently treated with magnesium, give it some time to clear up on its own. In other cases, you may need to flush your water lines to clear them of the black water.

Another potential reason for black well water is the presence of iron in the water, which can react with oxygen to cause a rusty-looking coloration. This is usually seen as reddish brown rather than true black, but it may appear black in some cases.

Iron is common in Utah water supplies and is generally not harmful in small quantities, but it can stain sinks, tubs and other fixtures over time. If your water has a high iron content, you’ll likely need to install a water softener to remove it from the water.

Various “Rusty” Well Water Colors

There are a number of colors that may give you water a “rusty” tinge, including brown, red, orange or even yellow water. And while there can be a few causes here, the single most common is — you guessed it — actually rust.

Rust may be found in your water lines, in your well pump or even in the well itself. In some cases, it may also be coming from your hot water heater if it’s beginning to corrode on the inside.

If you have rusty water, flush your water lines to see if that clears up the issue. If not, you’ll likely need to call a professional to take a look at your well and water lines to determine the source of the rust.

Now, there are cases where water that’s turned one of these colors actually isn’t due to rust. For instance, high levels of iron or manganese in your water can cause a reddish tinge, while water with high sediment levels may look more brown than anything else.

If you’re unsure what’s causing the coloration in your water, have it tested by a professional to be sure.

Green or Blue Well Water

While corrosion in plumbing pipes will more commonly lead to the “rusty” colors we went over above, certain forms of copper piping corrosion can actually turn your water green or blue. If you have this problem, the piping in your home will need to be replaced with a different material that doesn’t corrode as easily. In some cases, you may also need to treat your water with a chemical like chlorine or chloramine to inhibit corrosion and keep the blue or green color away.

In other situations, this color may be caused from leaching from bronze alloys found in certain plumbing or well pump components. It’s also possible for algal growth to cause this color, particularly in surface water sources like lakes or rivers.

Milky White or Cloudy Water

Finally, milky-white or cloudy water is most commonly due to air that’s trapped in your water supply — and will usually clear itself up in a day or two without any action on your part.

If the cloudiness doesn’t go away or is accompanied by a drop in water pressure, however, you may have a more serious problem like sediment buildup in your well or water lines. In this case, you’ll need to consult with a professional to determine the best way to clear your water lines and restore normal pressure.

Discolored water can often be a cause for concern, but it’s important to remember that not all such colors indicate a serious problem. In many cases, you may be able to clear up the discoloration on your own — but if you’re unsure of what’s causing the color, contact our team for assistance.

For more on this theme, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or additional services in Utah, contact the pros at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

What to Expect During a Water Well Inspection

For any home or building that receives its primary water supply from a water well, regular inspections of this well are a vital consideration. Inspections allow professionals to check your well for everything from contaminants to other concerns — avoiding them will pose several risks, and should not be done.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re happy to offer the very best water well inspection services in Utah, ensuring well owners are never worried about issues like contaminants or others. If your well was only recently installed and you’re readying for your first such inspection, here are some basic tips on what you should be prepared for and what to expect.

expect water well inspection

Initial Evaluation

When your water well inspector arrives, they’ll begin with a few simple areas of evaluation. A few themes or areas that will be investigated:

  • Submersible pump: A submersible pump is an important component that delivers your water to the home or building. You’ll want to know that it’s in good shape and safe for continued use. Also, there will be a check into the pump-house of any leaks which might render it useless — you do not want to go without water, so this is very important.
  • Well casing: A well casing encases the entire well and actually enters the surface of your property. It becomes necessary to check on it for signs of damage, leaks, or other factors which could affect its integrity.
  • Well screen: A well screen filters water as it comes into the system — making sure your source is always clean and dependable. You’ll want to know that it’s in good shape.
  • Groundwater level: A water well is not always in use — when it’s not, you need to know how much groundwater is available. Any liquid test will check for this, making sure your water source remains sound when you’re out of use here.
  • Well cap: Well caps keep your water source from becoming contaminated — they’re an important part of any well. Your inspector will make sure the cap is secure and good for continued use.
  • Pressure tank: A pressure tank stores water prior to passing through your submersible pump. You’ll want to be sure that this system is in good shape and safe for continued use.

Checking for Rust

As they move through many of the above areas, your well inspector may also check for rust. Rust absolutely affects the integrity of a water well — it can corrode and break through important components. You’ll want to know how severely this has affected your water source so you can plan accordingly.

Contaminant Presence

Another of the single most important aspects of any water well inspection is the discovery of contaminants. It’s most common to find this in an older water source, but it can affect newer wells too. A chemical test will determine whether there are contaminants present in your well.

In addition, water well inspectors will use a few other potential methods to determine whether contaminants are present. One method is the use of an ultraviolet light — this will reveal if there are any problems that would indicate contamination.

Testing Valves and Capacitors

On top of all the above areas, your inspector will test certain components of your water well. Components like valves and capacitors can affect the overall function of your system — you’ll want to know that they’re secure and functional, since these aren’t easily replaced if they break down or become faulty.

The best part is, these kinds of tasks can easily be carried out without your inspector needing to break any ground. Various visual and other tests can be performed without ever entering your crawl space or the well itself — in some cases, these inspections can even be carried out using video cameras that are inserted into the well casing itself.

Possible Costs of Water Well Inspection

While we’d love to give you a single number that serves as a baseline cost for a water well inspection, this isn’t really how it works. Rather, your costs will be determined by a few factors, including:

  • Size of the well: Bigger wells require more work, and may also be more expensive to inspect as a result.
  • Connections: Is your well connected to just a single property, or to a wider area? The number of connections you have will affect the inspections your inspector must perform.
  • Depth of well: Your depth factor is key here — a shallow well may take less time and effort to inspect than one that’s very deep.
  • Geography: You may have heard this before, but it does play a role — where you live and the climate in which you reside do affect inspections.

Very generally, a water well inspection tends to range from $250 up to about $1,000 for most standard situations. Now, if certain additional services are required, such as a replacement storage tank or some kind of de-contamination, these will naturally cost more.

That’s part of the value of water well inspections, though: Finding issues and remedying them instantly. A quality inspector from a company like ours is capable of more than just assessing your well. They can help you with a variety of additional issues, ranging from pump repair to replacement and more.

Don’t hesitate to ask for a quote, as it’s our goal to make everything easy for you! We’d be happy to sit down and figure out your various water needs together — after all, we live in this area too!

For more on what to expect during a water well inspection, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or installation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Signs Your Well Needs a Water Softener Installation

For many households and buildings, the presence of hard water becomes an issue for one of several reasons. Present in both traditional water sources and some water wells, hard water refers to water that has a high concentration of minerals like magnesium or calcium, leading to several possible issues, from poor taste and smell to issues with leftover deposits and more. 

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer an important service for all our water well clients: Water softening solutions for situations where your well water is too hard for your liking and is causing issues. In many cases, you’ll be alerted to the issues hard water is causing by a few different possible problems — here are a few such concerns that may indicate the presence of hard water, possibly signaling the need for a water softener installation.

signs well water softener

Weak Water Flow

To be clear, hard water is not the only reason why your water well might be experiencing issues with water flow. There are also others, including clogs in your system and more. However, if you’re seeing a noticeable drop in water flow regardless of having tested the well for other possible problems (and assuming clogs or issues with your system are not an issue), it’s likely hard water is present, and may be impacting the function of your pump

A buildup of calcium and magnesium, which is only likely to happen if your home has a supply of hard water, can lead to clogging in the pipes leading from the wellhead or pressure tank, especially if you’ve been noticing an increase in these issues over time. Any mineral buildup is also likely to be affecting your pump, which will need either replacement or an overhaul.

In these situations, you’ll often be able to see a scaly buildup around your faucets and other areas where your water flows, and the water itself will often carry a white, cloudy appearance. If you notice these things in or around your home, it’s likely time to schedule a visit from Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, who can check out the system to see what’s going on inside and let you know what your options are moving forward.

Dry Skin and Hair

Again, there are other reasons why the skin and hair of people who live in your home is dry. However, if this is happening to multiple people in the home and there’s no other explanation easily found, it’s possible that hard water is to blame, possibly leaving your skin and hair less moisturized than it could be.

In addition to the lathering effects of soaps being lost in a hard water environment, bathing is also likely to be less effective because of the minerals present. In some cases, this can even cause slight discoloring or yellowing of your skin and hair.

If you’re concerned about these issues, it’s worth looking to see what the water quality is like where your wellhead or pressure tank are located — if you notice these symptoms more strongly in specific areas or at certain heights, the hard water present may be coming from above ground level.

Scratchy, Stiff and Uncomfortable Clothing

Another area where hard water may have a direct impact on a home is when it’s used for laundry and other cleaning. Hard water can leave your clothing less soft and comfortable than you’d prefer, often causing it to be stiffer or scratchier than other clothing in the same category.

In addition, hard water will typically have a negative effect on the effectiveness of soaps used for laundering clothes, leading many people who are dealing with this issue to move to harsher cleaners that will be more effective. Ultimately, the effects of hard water on laundry will vary based on whether you use traditional or soft-based cleaning solutions, and if using soap is simply less effective than other types of detergents in your home.

If you’re noticing any of these common issues with regard to your well water, it’s time to schedule a visit from Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC , who can check out the system, handle any necessary repairs and provide you with some options for how to move forward, including any installation of a water softener.

Dish Concerns

In other cases, you may begin to notice mineral spots and buildup on your dishware, glasses and other common items in the home. Generally caused by calcium or magnesium being present in either your hot or cold water supply, these issues are also likely to impact any appliances that use water during the cleaning cycle, including your washing machine.

These mineral deposits can lead to a bad taste affecting both your drinking water and your food, while also leaving your dishes lusterless and spotty. Again, this is another issue that can be solved with the installation of a water softener, which will help provide you with an alternative solution to your current system.


Finally, have certain appliances like ice makers, hot water heaters and coffee makers been pushed to their limits in recent years? In some cases, this can be due to the minerals present in your water supply.

In fact, these minerals will often build up within these appliances over time, leading them to work much harder than they have in the past and reducing their lifetime significantly. This type of buildup is a common reason why ice makers will begin to make much less ice, or why hot water heaters and coffee makers may take longer to heat up your water.

If you’re noticing any of these issues coming from appliances that use water in your home, it may be time to schedule a visit from Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, who can check out the problem and recommend solutions, including water softeners for the well. For more on this or any of our water well installation, repair or rehabilitation services, speak to our staff today.

Utah Water Well Abandonment Basics and Steps

In cases where a water well that’s been in regular use is no longer needed, the well can’t simply be left to sit there with no other action taken. Rather, there’s an important process that must be undertaken to carry this out properly, and it’s known broadly as water well abandonment (also called water well decommissioning in some circles). 

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer quality water well abandonment services to clients throughout Utah, ensuring all the proper steps are covered if you’re no longer in need of a well on your property. What is well abandonment, why does it matter, and what are the basic steps we’ll help you follow here? Let’s go through all the facts you need to know.

water well abandonment steps

Water Well Abandonment Basics

As we alluded to above, water well abandonment is the process of safely rendering a well that’s no longer in use into an unusable state, or at least one where it won’t pose any risk to people who might come on the property. A well that’s simply left to sit without being properly abandoned can be a huge safety hazard, as it’s not uncommon for wells to suddenly start pumping water again even after years of disuse.

This is why it’s important to have a professional team like Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC take care of well abandonment for you – we know the right steps to follow to make sure everything is done properly. This is a process that varies from state to state, and we’re well aware of all of Utah’s specific regulations when it comes to well abandonment. This is another major part of the value of this process: If it’s not carried out, you could face fines or even potential legal action.

Our next several sections will go over the steps that should be followed for abandonment of a water well.

Identify a Reputable, Experienced Well Professional

First and foremost, unless you have specific professional training in water well abandonment services, you’ll need to identify a reputable, experienced professional to handle the process for you. This is important not only for ensuring that it’s done properly, but also because some states actually require this service be performed by a licensed well driller or pump installer.

Water well abandonment should never be attempted without proper experience and training because of the severe safety risks involved if it’s done improperly. It’s also important to note that around 70 percent of abandoned water wells simply stop working and often can’t be fixed or repaired, even by a professional – this is why you should never attempt the process yourself.

Get multiple quotes from qualified professionals in your area to ensure you’re getting the best value for your money.

Obstruction Removal

Once you’ve hired a well abandonment team, their first step will be to remove any obstructions found within the well. This is important to do at this stage and not after the other steps because it can be incredibly dangerous and poses a risk of electrocution if the upper casing has electrical wiring that’s still operating inside.

The first step will be for experts to clear out any gunk or other material that might have built up in the well over time. This can be an arduous process, but it’s essential to do so in order to ensure that everything is in good condition for the next steps.

Excavation, Filling and Sealing

Next up, your team will get to work on the excavation process. This will involve removing the well head and all associated piping, as well as digging down to the water table. The water table is the groundwater level that’s found below ground – it’s generally about 6 feet down for most residential properties, but this can vary depending on the location.

Once the excavation is complete, your team will begin filling the well with the soil that was removed at the beginning of this process. The well will be grouted below the static water level, and disinfected gravel will be added to the well to keep it from being re-contaminated.

Capping and Backfilling

From here, it’s time to prevent any surface or near-surface contaminants from potentially entering the casing. This is done by capping that’s constructed from a strong but non-corroding material that meets or exceeds local and state requirements.

Finally, the well will be backfilled with clean soil to prevent any possible contaminants from entering into the water supply. This is one of the most critical parts of the abandonment process because it ensures there are no access points for outside contaminants – soil composition can vary widely from one property to the next, so it’s important to have a professional backfill the well to make sure it’s done properly.


The final step in this process involves the reporting of your newly decommissioned well to state and local authorities. This is an important step because it helps to keep track of all abandoned wells in your area, as well as any potential risks they may pose to the community.

Once again, the needs involved in this reporting will vary between states and municipalities, so be sure to check with your specific governing body for more information. This is another area where working with quality well professionals holds major value, as we’re fully up to speed on all of Utah’s well-related laws and requirements.

If you’re looking to abandon a water well on your property, it’s important to understand the basics steps involved. For more on this or any of our water well drilling or pump services in Utah, speak to the pros at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Signs Your Water Well May Need Shock Chlorination

As the owner of a water well, there are several methods you may take to ensure no harmful contaminants or pathogens make their way into your home’s water supply. One method that may be used, especially if you’ve had recent issues of bacterial buildup in the well, is known as shock chlorination.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re happy to provide a wide range of water well drilling and well inspection services, including testing for contaminants and ensuring your water supply remains healthy at all times. What is shock chlorination, what does it do to your well water supply, and what are some common signs that it might be time to apply this method to your well? Here’s a primer.

signs well shock chlorination

Shock Chlorination Basics

Shock chlorination is a common process carried out in a few settings, one of which is within water wells. It involves controlled exposure of the well to a chlorine-based disinfectant, usually in a powdered form. This is typically done by pouring or pumping the substance straight down into the well, but depending on how it is being used, sometimes water from another source can be added as well.

The amount of time required for this process varies based upon local regulations and specific instructions from the manufacturer of the product being used. However, it is usually done for around an hour or two at a time, allowing sufficient time for an effective disinfection to take place within the well itself. After this process has been completed, the disinfectant should be flushed out of the well using water from another source; afterwards, normal functions can resume with the knowledge that any bacteria present has been completely removed.

It’s vital that only water well professionals attempt to use shock chlorination on their own wells, as incorrect handling could lead to adverse health issues. If you suspect any sort of problem with your given system and want to be sure it is done correctly, allow us here at Zimmerman Well Service LLC to handle the task for you.

Our next several sections will go over some potential signs that your well might be in need of shock chlorination or a similar process.

Slime Buildup

One of the most common signs that your well may be in need of chlorination is the appearance of slime or algae, both of which can be cause for alarm. As bacteria accumulates in the well itself over time, these substances will sometimes begin to accumulate around the well’s pump and other components. Slime may also appear on nearby surfaces; this is especially true if you find any greenish material present.

Shock chlorination can be used to effectively remove both algae and slime buildup, restoring the well’s pump to proper functionality. If you’ve started to see a slimy substance forming on the inside of your toilet tank, for instance, or in several other related areas, this might be a sign that your well is in need of immediate disinfection.


Slime or algae growth isn’t the only sign of bacterial build-up in your water supply. If you find that there is any kind of discoloration coming from the well itself, whether it’s a greenish tint to the water or some other change in color, this could also be an indication of bacterial growth taking place within the well.

Shock chlorination can help restore your well to its full original functionality after any sort of discoloration has taken place, so if you find that your water supply is darker than usual, there’s a chance it may be a sign that the well itself is in need of disinfection.

Laundry Stains

Even if you aren’t checking areas like the toilet tank or other parts of your water supply system regularly, you may see the signs of bacterial contamination in your clothes once they’ve been run through the laundry. Bacteria in your well system may make their way into fabric, causing stains to appear in your clothing that represent organic residue being left behind.

Shock chlorination can help remove any buildup in your well that might have caused discoloration in the first place, making sure that you don’t have any further problems when it comes to laundering your clothes. In other cases, the stains on your clothes may be due to rust from your pipes, which could be due to similar issues that shock chlorination will also help solve.

Major Foul Odors

While there are a few potential reasons for unpleasant odors coming from your well system other than bacterial build-up, it’s sometimes the case that you’ll find very strong smells emanating from your water supply. These odors are often described as pungent, musty, or otherwise unpleasant; this is another sign of bacterial contamination in your well. If these symptoms don’t go away on their own after a few days, you’ll want to have your well shock chlorinated as soon as possible.

Long term exposure to the chemicals in a bacterial buildup can lead to serious adverse effects on your health. It’s vital that you take steps to remove any problems with bacteria from your system before they become too severe, so call us today if you’re worried about these issues.

Never Been Shocked

Finally, while most of these other issues involve reactive use of shock chlorination, this is also a process you should be considering even without a specific cause if it’s never been done to your well in the past. Shock chlorination is a simple step you can take in order to ensure that no issues involving bacterial contaminants or pathogens will ever affect your water supply, so if you haven’t had it done to your system yet, give us a call today.

For more on shock chlorination or water well sanitation, or to learn about any of our water well drilling, rehabilitation or other services, speak to the pros at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Contaminants Your Water Well Filter is Removing

There are several concepts that are important to consider when installing a new water well on any property, and filtration is high on any such list. Unfiltered well water may contain a variety of different contaminants present in the soil where water is being pulled from, but the right filtration setup will ensure that none of these make their way into your drinking water and risk your health or that of anyone else in your home.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, our water well drilling and installation services include every theme you might need for a well, including filtration concepts. What are some of the most common contaminants your filter will be keeping out of your system? Here’s a primer.

contaminants water well filter removing

Bacteria, Viruses and Parasites

These are likely the most common types of contaminant found in standard groundwater today, and they can be particularly dangerous because people are often not aware that they’re ingesting them. Bacteria, viruses and parasites may originate in places like septic tanks or other wastewater systems, which is why it’s important to make sure your water well system has a proper filtration setup in place.

A common parasite, for instance, is E. Coli, which can cause severe illness if ingested. Other parasites include Giardia and Cryptosporidium, which often show up in water sources after flooding events or other situations where human activity spreads contaminants like feces into groundwater.

Arsenic, Lead and Copper

Next up among our list of possible water well contaminants is a group that’s caused by the presence of heavy metals and sulfides in soil. These can enter the water supply when it’s exposed to air, and they’re most common in places where arsenic-rich minerals are found. Arsenic exposure can cause a wide range of health problems, from nausea to kidney failure.

Lead is another problematic element that shows up in groundwater, and it’s often related to old buildings or their plumbing systems. While lead exposure has declined in recent years due to legislation prohibiting its use, it is still an environmental concern in some areas.

Sulfide minerals are yet another source of common contaminants that appear when groundwater is exposed to air, and they can cause odors in water if not properly addressed. The smell of rotten eggs is typically a strong sulfide and indication that the water well has been contaminated.

Nitrates and Nitrites

These are contaminants that show up in water supplies, but they are also naturally present in soils. Nitrate contamination can be caused by animal waste seeping into groundwater or because of the use of fertilizers on farmland, so it’s important to check if your area is at risk for this type of issue.

Nitrite concerns usually stem from nitrates being converted into their oxidized state by soil bacteria found in well water. This comes through the process of nitrification, and it’s also a natural one that often occurs in land where fertilizers are used. While nitrates may not be dangerous for adults, they can cause problems with infant health when they’re present in drinking water.

Again, though, proper filtration will keep these away from your water supply.

Pesticides, Paints and Disinfectants

In other cases, contaminants that cause problems in water wells are chemical irritants that come from a variety of sources. Pesticides, for instance, may have been applied to the property when it was being used for farming or landscaping, and they can contaminate local groundwater supplies in the process. Many pesticides dissipate quickly over time if exposed to air or other factors, but some are persistent.

Paints and solvents that have been improperly disposed of can also find their way into groundwater sources, posing a potential health risk to anyone who drinks the water. While it’s hard to know what chemicals have made their way into your well, it is possible to test for them with professional testing services.


Another major contaminant category to be aware of is sediment, which is a very common issue when it comes to water wells and refers to small dirt and sand particles making their way into your water. Sediment can be caused by erosion, which is a natural process that occurs over time, but it also poses a risk because of human activities.

One such example is construction projects in your area. Since they can spread dust and dirt into the air, which then finds its way into groundwater sources, sediment can make an appearance in your water well even if it’s many miles away. Therefore, the location of your property matters when it comes to this issue.


Radionuclides are radioactive particles that can cause a wide range of health problems. They make their way into groundwater by various ways, including the presence of fertilizers and pesticides on land near your property or hazardous waste being disposed of improperly.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has established safe limits for radionuclides in drinking water based on studies about how they affect human health. Like other contaminants, you want filtration in place to remove any radionuclides that could potentially be present in the water source on your property.

Excessive Fluoride

While fluoride in the right amounts is a healthy and beneficial substance for helping prevent tooth decay and other dental issues, it can be present in excessive amounts in groundwater — and this can lead to skeletal damage, tooth discoloration and other health concerns. Luckily, a proper well filtration system will only allow safe amounts of fluoride through into your drinking supply.

For more on the various contaminants your water well filtration system is helping to eliminate, or to learn about any of our water well installation, rehabilitation or repair services, speak to the pros at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

How Private Water Wells Fill Varied Needs

While some might hear the term “private water well” and think it’s exclusive to rural areas or related needs like farming, this is actually a misconception. While rural areas and needs do make up a sizable portion of the water wells in the US, there are also many other situations where home or building owners may consider them — even in more populated metropolitan areas.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re here to offer our comprehensive range of water well services to anyone interested, no matter their locale or their prior knowledge of how wells work. We offer everything from water well drilling and installation through repair, rehabilitation and long-term maintenance, and we’ve also helped many people understand how a water well will benefit them and their home or building. Whether you live in a big city or a rural area, and whether or not you have special circumstances that commonly require a well, here are some of the ways private water wells benefit everyone — even those in fairly “normal” living situations.

private water wells needs

Water Municipality Independence

When you own a private water well on your property, you completely remove your dependence on municipal sources of water. While many people are happy with the water quality delivered by their local government, there are others who don’t trust it — especially in areas where poor water quality is common.

Private well owners have the peace of mind that comes from knowing they won’t find themselves without any drinking or cooking water because of a contamination issue or other problem. They also won’t deal with issues like a water main leak or others, which often take several days to be resolved by the municipality.

No (or Low) Sewer and Water Bills

When you own a private water well, you don’t have to pay for sewer services. It’s one less bill to contend with and can help lower your monthly costs significantly. Plus, if you’re in an area that often deals with sewer main breaks or other issues, the peace of mind that comes with not having to be at the mercy of poor infrastructure is priceless.

This is especially true if issues with your prior water setup caused you to regularly drink bottled water, which is costly and inconvenient. Many home or business owners are shocked at the savings they can achieve within a few months of installing a private water well, and some may even save enough to pay for the total cost of ownership within that time.

Drinking Water Quality

When you own a private water well, you know it will deliver clean, safe drinking water every time. Municipal sources sometimes run into problems related to their source or treatment methods that can cause contamination issues.

Well water, on the other hand, is purified naturally by the earth. There’s no chance of contamination or other issues, so you can be sure your water is safe every time you turn on the faucet. This water also contains minerals like calcium and magnesium, which — in the right quantities — are actually very beneficial to human health.

Water Tastes Better

In addition to everything we’ve gone over, did you know that well water also tastes better than most municipally-delivered sources? This is especially true if your municipality treats its water with chlorine, which can give it a slightly “off” or metallic taste.

When you own a private well, you’ll never have to worry about water that tastes odd or unpleasant again. Your family members will also be able to enjoy higher quality beverages that use water from the well, too.

This theme, again, is heightened in situations where bottled water has been a common use. Bottled water will often contain chemicals that are not only harmful, but also make it taste very bland. This is in stark contrast to well water, which tastes rich and refreshing.

Environmental Benefits

As if there weren’t already enough issues with municipal water supplies and all the hoops they make you jump through, they’re also not very friendly to the environment. The energy and chemicals used in processing and purifying water for residents are often harmful to the local environment, which can have a negative impact on wildlife.

And when it comes time to dispose of used water treatment chemicals or wastewater runoff, this isn’t done in an environmentally-friendly manner either. The environmental impact of municipal sources is huge — but not when you own a private well.

The toxins and chemicals aren’t created, and there’s no wastewater runoff to contend with either. If you’re environmentally-conscious or want to take steps in that direction (especially if your home is located near wildlife like a pond or lake), having your own water well can be an invaluable asset.

Top Water Well Professionals

Have we convinced you of the value of a water well? If so, or if you’ve already been considering an upgrade to a well for some time, it’s important to work with top professionals like ours.

When it comes to a private water well, you should never cut corners or search for the lowest bid. This is because installation and maintenance professionals have years of training and experience that may not be apparent from a cursory online search. Our top professionals can provide peace of mind knowing your well was installed correctly the first time — without any risk of future problems.

If you’re ready to upgrade your home or business, our experts will provide a free consultation and estimate before beginning work. For more on this, or to learn about any of the other benefits of private water wells no matter your circumstances, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.