Category Archives: Blog

Common Signs of Well Water Problems, Part 2

In part one of this two-part blog series, we went over some of the common issues that may show themselves within your water well system. While proper maintenance should prevent most or all of these concerns from cropping up, there are some cases where they will make themselves known when the issue becomes significant enough – and you need to be able to recognize the signs.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer quality well rehabilitation and repair services in addition to our water well drilling and installation solutions. We’ve seen every potential sign of water well issues taking place, and we know precisely how to get to the bottom of them and find you the most cost-effective solution. Here are a few other areas to keep an eye (and an ear, and a nose) on, plus what can be done about some of the issues these concerns may be signaling.

signs well water problems

Use Your Senses

We mentioned sounds in part one of our series, but they’re far from the only potential use of your senses that might come in handy when identifying concerns with water wells. A few other senses to keep in mind here:

  • Taste: We all know how clean and healthy water should taste, so if you notice a major difference here in your water – such as a metallic taste, which could signal high iron or manganese levels – there could be an issue.
  • Smell: Water may also smell different than it should normally, such as a sulfur or rotten egg smell that may take place due to hydrogen sulfide entering the groundwater through decaying organic matter.
  • Appearance: Water may look several unusual colors or hues, each of which might signal various particles that are present. If your water is any strange color, call our team and describe it to learn more.

Well Cap Issues

You should be periodically checking the top of your well casing, where the well cap cover should be properly covering the entire area. If it’s been damaged in any way, insects may make it inside and contaminate the water, leading to major issues. Confirm the cap is at least six inches off the ground, in proper working order and not being impacted by plants or other growths in the area.

Contamination Signs

Finally, there are several possible contaminants that may make it into your water if you don’t take the right precautions. Some of these and their common indicators:

  • Salt: In a place like Utah where salt is regularly used on roads, salt can infuse into well water and impact its quality, impacting taste and leaving a residue behind. The most common indicator here is simply the recent laying of salt on the roads, after which you should pay close attention to your water.
  • Hard water: Hard water from the well may signal groundwater seeping into the water supply, allowing various minerals and potential contaminants.
  • Agricultural runoff: This is one area where signs are tough to pick up, as nitrates – the most common contaminants from agricultural runoff – are colorless, odorless and tasteless. This is an area that indicates the importance of testing well water regularly, as certain contaminants may not give off signs.

For more on possible signs of issues with your water well, or to learn about any of our well drilling or repair services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Common Signs of Well Water Problems, Part 1

Water wells, both private and commercial, require standard maintenance and attention throughout their lifespans to ensure they operate properly. Such maintenance should generally be carried out before any significant issues take place – but in some cases, such issues will give you strong signs that such maintenance or repairs are necessary on your water well.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re here to help with a variety of quality water well repair and rehabilitation services. We’ve assisted clients with issues ranging from pumps and pressure concerns to contaminants and health hazards, ensuring your water is both plentiful and healthy at all times. In this two-part blog series, we’ll go over several potential signs of problems taking place in your water well, plus how they can be remedied.

signs well water problems

Sudden Electrical Bill Spike

One of the simplest and most prominent signs of issues in the water well is a sudden jump in your electric bill at the end of a given month. Many problems within a given water well will force the system to work harder – a clog in a pipe will put extra strain on the pump, for instance, as will a breakdown of a check valve or a broken pipe that leads to water leakage and forces a greater supply to be used.

All of these concerns will lead to more work for the pump or other components, and these require electricity. If you notice a sudden spike in your bill that doesn’t have another simple explanation, an issue with the water well is often the culprit.

Strange Noises

Are you hearing sounds like groaning, moaning, humming, grinding or even growling coming from your water pipes or the well pump? These signal pump issues, and you should contact our team right away to investigate the issue before potentially hazardous concerns take place.

Sputtering Faucets

Many of us have experienced the frustration of a sputtering faucet in the past: Blasts of air with little shots of water here and there, then hopefully a normal flow of water afterward (though not always). This is a sign there’s too much air present in your plumbing system, often tracing back to issues with the well pump that may trace back to a failed valve.

In other situations, the problem could be due to a drop pipe that’s connected to the pump experiencing damage. In still other cases, the well pump itself may need to be placed in a lower location because your water table has dropped, meaning the pump is mistakenly drawing in too much air instead of water.

For more on possible water well problems and the signs they’ll give you, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Protection Tactics for Private Water Wells, Part 2

In part one of this two-part blog series, we went over some of the primary approaches to take when it comes to ensuring your private water well is protected. Private water wells, or those that only supply a single household and are privately-owned, require significant care just like other water well formats.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re happy to offer a wide range of services to keep your water well protected, including a wide range of water well repair, rehabilitation and treatment areas depending on your needs. In today’s part two of our series, we’ll go over a few other top suggestions we can offer on how to protect your private well year-round and ensure it achieves maximum lifespan.

protection private water wells

Filtration System

We mentioned water testing in part one of our series, and another reason it’s so vital is the way it allows you to identify which contaminants might be posing a regular issue. If you notice a high level of nitrates in your water on consecutive tests, for instance, this is a strong sign that nitrates will be a consistent issue in your area – and you should consider installing a solid black carbon filtration system that will remove nitrates and other contaminants. These systems correspond directly with water well tests, which should be used not only in a short-term way, but also long-term.

Proper Disposal

Another important area to keep in mind as a private well owner is how you dispose of various medicines, chemicals or other potential water contaminants. Specifically, these should never be flushed or washed down any drain in the home – not only might they risk clogging your drains, they can also contaminate your well water and the surrounding environment, creating a significant contamination issue that might be costly to remedy.

Product Choices

Down similar lines, choose products with less harmful ingredients – especially when these products will be mixing into your drains and maybe even your water supply. Even areas like shampoo, soap, pest control products or other household products can be purchased in environmentally-friendly ways that do not threaten the nearby land.

Identifying Contaminant Sources

Finally, in cases where you are dealing with contamination in your water well supply, one of the chief areas we’ll assist you with is identifying the source of such contamination. These might be nearby local facilities like septic systems in some cases, or perhaps you live in relative proximity to a farm that’s impacting your water supply or quantity in some way. Identifying them allows us to take the proper steps in blocking any such contamination and ensuring your well has the proper capacity.

For more on protecting your private water well, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Protection Tactics for Private Water Wells, Part 1

In many water well situations, the well in question is what’s considered a private well. This means it is privately-owned, for one, and also supplies water to a single private property rather than any public or commercial area – and is not regulated by the authorities for such purposes.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer numerous private water well services for a wide range of clients, from water well drilling and installation to well repair and rehabilitation that will keep your system providing clean, healthy water in robust quantities for many years. In addition to our services, which also include testing and helping you avoid contamination, what are some of the approaches private water well owners can take to protect their wells and water sources? This two-part blog will dig into several such areas.

protection private water wells

Well Construction Areas

First and foremost, protection of your water well can trace back in several areas to the quality of the digging, construction and installation of the well itself. The well needs to be drilled to a deep enough depth, for one, and needs to be lined and grouted properly to ensure chemicals cannot penetrate the area.

In addition, the area around the well needs to be sloped properly to allow surface runoff to drain away from the well, avoiding any contaminant risk. A well cap or sanitary seal should also be installed to prevent any unauthorized access into the well.

Importance of Testing

Once a water well is present on your property, it’s vital to ensure it’s tested at least once per year, per EPA recommendations. This test should be for nitrates and bacteria, plus other contaminants like chemicals, pesticides, arsenic and others. Our team will happily perform several testing formats to help you understand if any contaminants are present in high enough amounts to concern you.

Maintenance and Records

Over the period of ownership of a private water well, maintenance should be regularly performed. Areas like disinfection and sediment removal should be carried out properly and using the right chemicals (separate from the drinking source, of course), and inspections of areas like exposed parts and storage tanks should be done regularly.

Land Maintenance

One other vital area of maintenance to keep in mind is the land surrounding the well. For instance, chemicals like fertilizers, fuel, pesticides and oil should not be mixed or dumped in the areas near the well, as they may seep into the ground and contaminate the water supply that’s filling your needs.

For more on how to protect a private water well on your property, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

How Constant Water Pressure Systems Benefit Water Wells, Part 2

In part one of this two-part blog series, we went over some of the common pressure issues with water well systems, plus how a constant (also called continuous) water pressure system may help solve these concerns. By allowing pressure pumps to operate at varying pressure levels depending on the needs of the fixtures present, these systems not only solve pressure issues, but also benefit several specific system components.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer a variety of water well pressure tank and related services as part of our water well treatment solutions. While most of part one of our series was spent going over how these systems work and the problems they solve, today’s part two will dig into these specific benefits they bring to the entire water system in a given home or commercial property.

constant water pressure systems wells

Handling High Demand

First and foremost, these systems allow a given water supply chain to operate even when there’s significant demand in the household. Most have experienced the effects of low pressure when using multiple fixtures at once: A shower, tub or fixture losing its pressure suddenly right when you’re in the midst of using it is both inconvenient and time-consuming.

With a constant water pressure system, however, this is not a concern any longer. Every single appliance in your home or building will have an adequate water supply available at all times, with a system that can increase its pressure capacity as-needed when you’re requesting water from multiple sources at once.

Space Concerns

Constant water pressure systems are also valuable because they come in a much smaller tank than most traditional pressure systems. They don’t need a large area for setup, meaning you can save space in your home or building for other functions that are needed.

Money Savings

On top of this, constant water pressure systems tend be far more energy-compliant than other pressure systems on today’s market. They’re designed to automatically decrease their pumping intensity when less water is required, only ramping up when there’s high demand. This is in contrast to traditional systems, which sit at a constant rate no matter what the demand is, a process that wastes significant energy over time.

Irrigation System Benefits

Finally, irrigation systems that draw from water wells may also have pressure issues. This will cause water to not even reach certain sprinkler heads, leaving certain yard areas completely dry. A constant pressure system, however, has the same impact on an irrigation system as it does on any other water fixture in the home, increasing the capacity when this system is on to ensure it’s fully provided for.

For more on constant water pressure systems, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

How Constant Water Pressure Systems Benefit Water Wells, Part 1

When it comes to water wells, whether on a residential property or a commercial or municipal one, one of the single most important factors to keep in mind is water pressure. Even the very best water wells are of little value to a given building or area if there isn’t enough pressure present to move water from the well into needed areas.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re happy to cover everything from water well pressure tank systems to various other water well drilling and pressure-related areas. One particular pressure system we often recommend to our clients when installing or rehabilitating a given water well: The constant (or continuous) water pressure system. This two-part blog series will go over what this system is, how it works and the pressure issues it helps solve in water well situations.

constant water pressure systems wells

Private Well Pump Concerns

For those who operate a private well pump system on their property and for their home, pressure may be a common concern. Whether due to low water levels, higher levels of water usage or an irrigation system that draws too much pressure away from the home, residents often find they do not receive enough pressure.

This is because these systems are designed to operate at a given pressure per square inch (psi) level, usually the 40 to 60 psi range. Your tank’s pump is set to this single range – when it reaches 40 psi, it starts to pump and continues to do so until pressure reaches 60 psi, then shuts off. But if you use multiple water sources at once within this system, there is no ability for it to raise its pressure range temporarily, and your fixtures may experience poor pressure levels.

Municipal Well Pump Concerns

If your home is served by city or municipal lines, pressure could be a concern here as well. Pressure varies based on city infrastructure and the distance your home is from the main water line, often resulting in fluctuating water pressure levels.

How Constant Pressure Systems Work

Constant water pressure systems, however, are made to change the speed of a given pump to meet the demand for water throughout a given home or property. A pressure sensor is in place, sending a signal to a controller that stops it from turning off anytime the tank reaches a certain psi – rather, the system continues to run, keeping the tank at a consistent pressure level so all fixtures receive the same pressure.

When demand increases, pump speed increases right along with it. This system will work on both water wells and municipal water lines, boosting water pressure and making it more consistent across the entire home. In addition, these systems tend to come with small, light tanks that stay out of the way.

For more on constant water pressure systems, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Spring Well Water Supply Issues to Look Out For

As winter gives way to spring, homeowners everywhere are taking a few basic steps to prepare their properties and various areas for the warm season. For the millions of Americans who receive their water from a water well, this is also an important time of year.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer a variety of water well treatment services, including water well inspections that many well owners desire during these transitional seasons like spring or fall. Spring inspections, in particular, help well owners identify a few potential seasonal water well supply issues that may arise – here are some basics on these issues and how we’ll help you avoid them heading into spring and summer.

spring well water supply issues

Agricultural Runoff

The first issue is a contamination concern called agricultural runoff that often occurs during changing seasons. It happens when irrigation water travels away from farm fields, yards and other large areas as a result of snow melting, spring rain and even homeowners beginning irrigation early in the spring. This runoff accumulates pollutants as it moves.

From here, these pollutants are deposited into areas that many wells might be drawing water from. This is less of a concern if your water well is placed on high ground, but even these well owners might have reason to be concerned if their well was drilled near a farm facility or septic system. If identified, such runoff contamination concerns will require filtration to remedy.

Salt Contamination

In addition, areas like Utah are prone to salt contamination following the winter season. This is because salt is used in high quantities for roads and driveways during the snowy and icy winter – but this salt dissolves in water and often finds its way into lakes and streams, where it can be transported into well water supplies.

Luckily, identifying this issue will allow for simple remedies. Reverse osmosis systems are commonly used to counteract salt contamination in a water supply.

Odor Problems

Finally, you may notice a strong smell coming from your well water supply during thawing phases. This is created by hydrogen sulfide gas – even a tiny amount of this substance can create a major negative odor you’ll notice throughout the home, not just near water supplies.

Technically speaking, this isn’t an area that causes any potential health risks, as sulfur on its own is not harmful to humans in these amounts. But the significant smell is often a major issue for many homeowners, particularly if you have guests regularly. There are many air-injection filters that will oxidize sulfur and filter it out of your system before this occurs, however.

For more on handling possible spring water well supply issues, or to learn how our well inspections help here or about any of our well water drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Water Well Testing Frequency and Other Details

All homes require a healthy, safe drinking water source, and for homes that draw their water from a water well, this means testing is a vital element to maintain. The only true way to tell if your well water is safe is to have it regularly tested – the potential contaminants in water are invisible to the naked eye and may not even show up in taste or odor format, either.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, water well testing is just one part of our comprehensive well inspection services, which we’re happy to offer to water well owners throughout the year. As we enter the spring, a period where many well owners choose to have an inspection performed for several reasons, let’s look at why well water testing is important, how often it should generally be done, and the kinds of tests that our professionals will perform during these appointments.

water well testing frequency details

Why Testing Matters

Testing of well water is important for multiple reasons, each of which pertain directly to the quality of your water and lack of contaminants. For starters, it helps you identify any current issues present in the well, including contaminants present from a variety of potential sources.

In addition, it ensures your water is safe for drinking if it does not contain such contaminants. It also tracks how these elements change over time, plus helps you determine how effective your well’s native treatment system is – in many cases, testing identifies issues within this system that can be remedied for a more efficient, healthy flow of water.

Testing Frequency and Locations

Generally speaking, experts recommend that private water wells be tested at least once per year, if not more than once. In cases where your well is on the shallow end – less than 100 feet deep – it should be tested twice per year.

One important note on testing that our pros will also detail for you: It should be done both at the tap and at the original source. Performing both theses tests helps you understand if the treatment system within your home is working properly or whether there might be issues taking place within the transportation system.

Potability and Other Tests

The primary test our water well professionals will perform is called a basic water potability test, which identifies a number of potential contaminants and also a few other factors important for water wells. These include:

  • Coliform bacteria
  • Nitrate (particularly dangerous to newborn babies)
  • Ions
  • Sulfate
  • Fluoride (good in small amounts, but potentially dangerous in excessive quantities)
  • Total dissolved solids (the amount of inorganic substances dissolved in water)

There may be other tests we recommend if we find certain contaminants in your water, such as arsenic, selenium, uranium or various pesticides.

For more on water well testing frequency and details, or to learn about any of our water well drilling or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Causes and Solutions for Water Softener Iron Issues, Part 2

In part one of this two-part blog series, we went over some of the basics on why your water well’s water softener, which does so well against many contaminant types, tends to struggle with high iron content. Iron is a particularly fussy contaminant type, one that often overwhelms standard water softeners and requires additional solutions if water iron content is high.

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re here to provide both water softening services and additional water well treatment solutions for those dealing with high iron content or any other major contaminant. In today’s part two, we’ll dig into the best solutions if your water has high iron content, including both contaminant removal and iron bacteria issues you may run into.

causes solutions water softener iron

Solutions for High-Iron Water

For starters, it’s important to understand how iron works in your water to grasp how you’ll deal with it. Water contains two primary iron types: Ferritic iron, also called red water iron, and ferrous iron, also called soluble iron. The former is not soluble and can be seen by the naked eye, while the latter dissolves in water, is invisible, and is far more complex to remove from water – doing so involves oxidizing the water before removal.

For many systems, the simplest solution here is an iron filter to your well water softener. Our pros will be happy to speak to you about such an addition, which features a chamber that allows water to pass through an oxidation section before being removed. In other cases, simply upgrading to the newest water treatment system is the way to go.

Iron Bacteria Issues

There’s one other issue to be aware of here, and it’s the possibility of iron bacteria, which feeds on the iron that forms in your water before it’s treated. In many situations, well owners may find that such bacteria has formed a layer on top of their water tank or even their toilets inside the home, making for an unsightly appearance and also risking several health concerns. In addition, iron bacteria may affect your water’s taste and quality, and may damage your pump and water softener.

For this reason, if you’ve had iron issues, we recommend a chlorine treatment for your well. For situations where wells are regularly having iron issues, a chlorine or ozone generator installation might be the best move.

Professional Treatment

One overarching theme is present here: If your well is dealing with significant iron content issues, the only proper permanent solution is professional service from our pros. We’ll assess the issue from start to finish and ensure your well and water supply are protected for years into the future.

For more on treating high iron content in your water, or to learn about any of our well rehabilitation or treatment services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC today.

Causes and Solutions for Water Softener Iron Issues, Part 1

At Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC, we’re proud to offer several distinct services as complements or in addition to our primary water well drilling, installation and treatment solutions. One such service is water well softening, where we install a softening device to remove magnesium, calcium and various other contaminants that might have made their way into your water supply.

Unfortunately, traditional water softening solutions have a couple areas they aren’t as effective for, and one such area is in any water supply with high iron content. For several reasons we’ll detail here, typical water softeners do not adequately prevent this high iron content from remaining in your water supply – but luckily, there are some simple solutions to get around this if your well is having issues with iron content. In this two-part blog series, we’ll go over everything you need to know here, from the issues with iron in your water to begin with to why water softeners don’t solve these issues, plus what you can do for a proper remedy.

causes solutions water softener iron

Issues With High-Iron Water

Iron in water is a tricky area when it comes to human health. Small levels of iron are not considered much of a risk, but larger quantities are considered contaminants – but it can be tough to tell exactly how high your levels are, as they may vary based on different samples.

Generally, however, high iron content in water can lead to several negatives. Some of these are aesthetic, such as stains in sinks and pots or the presence of iron bacteria in the toilet tank. Others are health-related, including bacteria overload that can lead to stomach issues, nausea, vomiting, or even diabetes and hemochromatosis in some cases.

Why Water Softeners Don’t Solve It

So why can’t your water softener, which handles many other similar contaminants with ease, deal with iron content in water? It has to do with their capacity. Water softeners are capable of removing some iron from water, just not as much as is often present.

Generally speaking, water softeners remove iron at a rate of roughly one part per million (abbreviated ppm, roughly equal to one milligram of iron dissolved in a liter of water). But there are numerous regions of the country, including many in Utah, where iron content reaches as high as 10 or even 15 ppm – the resin beads present in water softeners are not equipped to handle this level of iron. So if your property’s water iron content is anywhere near this range, you will have to consider other solutions for removing it.

In part two, we’ll go over those solutions and some other important factors. To learn more about this or any of our water well treatment or rehabilitation services, speak to the staff at Mike Zimmerman Well Service LLC.